Wednesday, July 18, 2007

Question & Answer With Chabakuk Elisha - How To Approach Learning Torah

(Picture courtesy of wheelockweb.com)

A Simple Jew asks:

Opening up a sefer before me, I unfortunately sometimes take the "checklist" approach to my daily learning seder. I am mindful of what I need to accomplish each day, and occasionally I rush through my learning so I can check each sefer off in my mental task list.

With the recent realization that perhaps my learning has not had the impact I imagined it to, I am attempting to pause for a few moments before I open each sefer. During these moments I attempt to remember a teaching I first heard in Rabbi Tal Zwecker's audio shiur on Jewish meditation. Rabbi Zwecker, citing a teaching from Rebbe Elimelech of Lizhensk, explained that when one sits down to learn Torah he must remember that he is making himself into a vessel to hold Hashem's light here in the physical world. I try to visualize this and also remember the Baal Shem Tov's teaching that one must pause briefly in the midst of learning to re-attach oneself to Hashem; remembering that He has constricted His wisdom into his holy Torah and commanded us to learn it.

In our private e-mail correspondence, I remarked that my learning seems to be superficial at times, while you, on the other hand, tend to explore the larger picture and are better able to put ideas and personalities into greater context. My question to you is what approach do you take when opening a sefer to learn Torah?

Chabakuk Elisha answers:

Gee, I don't know that I have a planned approach. I guess that there are three things that I try to keep in mind:

1. When learning Torah, it's important that we approach it with the simple focus that we be a vessel for truth – therefore, we must try to suspend our preconceived notions, lest they get in the way of that truth. Sadly, it isn't uncommon for us to open a sefer, and rather than letting the sefer speak to us we impose our own ideas on the sefer. It is obviously wise to keep this in mind and avoid it to the best of our ability

2. We are advised to look for subtlety and nuance. This can be a challenge, especially with the busy lives we live, but when we look for subtle themes and nuanced ideas, we find that a sefer becomes more alive. This is not really surprising, since real people and real ideas are often complex: They're subtle. They're nuanced. As a result, when finding the subtle nuances in a sefer it becomes more alive – and approaching it with this in mind helps us grasp far more than a superficial reading would.

3. I'll tell you, I get bored easily – if a book or sefer doesn't grab me quickly, I fade away; before I know it I'm reading words and sounds and looking at the patterns that the letters make on the page without any comprehension. So, basically as a survival technique I often need to find a way to care about the book first – and once I care about it personally, I can convince myself that the contents of the book are important for me to understand. Therefore, I'll become interested in the author, in the time-period, in the specific subject matter, and otherwise try to care about the book.

For example, long, long ago someone gave me Rabbi Steinsaltz's "The Thirteen Petalled Rose". I started it once, but I didn't get very far; so it sits, collecting dust, where it has sat for many years. It's not that I had anything against the book, it's just that nothing compelled me to keep at it. But I recently read "On The Road With Rabbi Steinsaltz" (to my great enjoyment) and I plan to revisit "The Thirteen Petalled Rose," and this time, I'm sure I'll get further along. Similarly, when learning Gemora, it becomes more alive when we know something about the figures involved – who they were and what happened in their lives – this makes it so much more relevant, and I find this to be the case for most books I read.

I hope it helps!

5 Comments:

At July 18, 2007 at 9:46:00 AM EDT, Blogger yitz.. said...

2 things,

1. The Maor Eynayim points out that the Torah is created new every day, and so you need to read it as if it was entirely new to you --even if you have learned it in the past or even if you are picking up where you left off yesterday. He proves this like so: ~All a book contains are letters, there is no inherent wisdom in the letters, they're just letters. Yet, when you read the letters and attempt to connect to HaShem's Hochmah, then HaShem fills the letters with His Hochmah and you find meaning.~

If you are just reading the letters, then perhaps what's missing is HaShem's Hochmah.

2. Since I was young for some reason it was always clear to me that learning Torah is more about connecting to HaShem than it is learning anything from the sefer in front of you--I don't know who taught me that. Think of it this way: Sometimes you want to spend time with your son (or someone else who is important to you) the activity is secondary and is merely a means to the end of spending quality time with that special someone.

So, if you approach Torah learning as "I want to spend quality time with HaShem" and the sefer is just the medium, it comes alive in a whole different way.

 
At July 19, 2007 at 11:02:00 AM EDT, Blogger A Simple Jew said...

It looks like I can learn more on how to be a simple Jew from you my friend :)

 
At July 19, 2007 at 11:10:00 AM EDT, Blogger yitz.. said...

it's funny you always seem to catch the tide of the collective subconscious, I was dealing with this issue last week, and had only decided a day or two before you posted that I needed to stop learning just for the sake of finishing my daily sedarim :)

 
At July 19, 2007 at 11:11:00 AM EDT, Blogger A Simple Jew said...

What sefer in particular were you starting to get bogged down with?

 
At July 17, 2008 at 9:37:00 PM EDT, Anonymous Dovid said...

When I study Torah, I think of my introduction to Torah study when I was child. I would spend 5 to 6 weeks each Summer with my grandfather before he died. He taught me so many Midrashim and Rashis. I study in his merit, I study because it is what an adult male is expected to do, and I study because I believe it makes me a moral and upright Jew.

 

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